The bloodiest day in American history took place at Sharpsburg, Maryland in September 1862, when Union and Confederate forces met at the Battle of Antietam. Historians James M. McPherson and Stephen W. Sears, both of whom have written award-winning books on the battle, discuss the strategies of Generals Robert E. Lee and George McClellan, as well as the society-altering event the Union victory made possible: emancipation.
James M. McPherson is the George Henry Davis 1886 Professor of American History Emeritus at Princeton University. He is the best-selling author of numerous books on the Civil War, including Battle Cry of Freedom, which won the Pulitzer Prize in 1989. Stephen W. Sears has written or edited ten books on the Civil War since 1983, including Landscape Turned Red: The Battle of Antietam and George B. McClellan: The Young Napoleon. He is a three-time winner of the Fletcher Pratt Award from the Civil War Round Table of New York. Harold Holzer (moderator) is Chairman of the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Foundation and served as co-chair of the U.S. Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission for nine years. He is the author, co-author, or editor of 36 books on Lincoln and the Civil War era.